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Mackay day in 2008

Mackay day in 2008 was about the rights of children. Here follows an article that was published in The Anchor, a publication of Mackay Memorial College, volume 5, 2008.

What rights should a Ugandan child have?

A child in Uganda should have the same rights irrespective of sex, religion, custom, rural or urban background, nationality, tribe, marital status of partens or opinion.

The right to grow up in a peaceful caring and secure environment, and to have the basic necessities of life, including food, health care, clothing and shelter.

The right to a name and nationality.

The right to know who are his or her parents and to enjoy family life with them and/or their extended family. Where a child has no family or is unable to live with them, he or she should have the right to be given the best substitute care available.

The right to have his or her best interests given priority in any decisions made concerning the child.

The right to express an opinion and be listened to, and, to be consulted in accordance with his or her understanding in decisions which affect his or her wellbeing.

The right to have his or her health protected through immunization and appropriate healthcare, and to be taught how to defend himslef against illness. When ill, a child should have the right to receive proper medical care.

A child with disability should have the right to be treated with dignity as other children and to be given special care, education and training where necessary so as to deveop his or her potential and self reliance.

The right to refuse to be subjected to harmful initiation rites and other harmful social ahd customary practices, and to be protected from those customary practices which are prejudicial to a child's health.

The right to be trusted and treated fairly and humanely within a legal system.

The right to be protected from all forms of abuse and exploitation.

The right to basic education

The right to leisure which is not morally harmful, to play and to participate in sports and positive cultural and artistic activities.

The right not to participate in activities that harm his or her health, education mental physical or moral development.

A child, if a victim of armed conflict, a refugee, or in a situation of danger or extreme vulnerability, should have the right to be among the first to receive help and protection.

What should be the responsibilities of the child in Uganda?

A child in Uganda should first of all have responsibilities towards his or her family, society, country, and the international community.

A child shall according to his or her age, ability and rights have the duty to: work for the cohesion of the family, to respect his or her parents, elders and other children and to assist them.

To use his or her ability for the benefit of the community.

To preserve and strengthen cultural values in his or her relations with other members of the society, in the spirit of tolerance, dialogue and consultation, to contribute to the moral welbeing of the society.

To preserve and strengthen the independence, national unity and the integrity of his of her country.